But this heightens the need for strong news writing and reporting skills to avoid inaccuracy on either the giving or receiving end. Whether or not a student looks to a professional career as a journalist, adopting journalistic techniques will be useful in myriad academic and real world settings. Students know good news stories when they see and hear them.
The chapter title includes reporting because, increasingly, that is the emphasis of journalism. Whereas journalism instructors once had the luxury of emphasizing strictly writing without much regard for gathering information, that option is less frequently exercised. Indeed, this is probably a good thing.
Writing and reporting are interwoven in all professional realms. The journalist simply does not set about to write. He or she must report and write. Text is one of the four tools of the journalist — along with images, audio and video.
The journalist must learn to use all four. Everything begins with text, however, and despite the advent of some very different forms of information distribution, text continues to be primary.
Consequently, the news story format is one of the basic forms of writing for the mass media, and students need to have a good grounding in writing the news story before they tackle other forms of writing.
Learning to write a basic news story teaches the student the importance of gathering accurate and complete information, making judgments about that information as to what is important and what is not, and writing so that the content and not the writing itself is what makes an impression on the reader.
Writing news teaches the student many of the disciplines that he or she will need to be successful in working in the mass media. Students should be reminded that the news story form is one that is used not only in newspapers but in many publications, particularly those produced by public relations departments.
The habits that a person gains in writing news will be the habits he or she takes to other forms of writing for the mass media. One of the most difficult concepts to learn about news writing is the manner in which a story should be developed. Students should pay particular attention to the text and examples in this chapter.
Although many students understand the purpose and technique of the lead paragraph, they do not understand how to build a story in the second, third and subsequent paragraphs.
Students will write a good lead but then drop into the narrative form in the second graph. They should read and analyze stories in the book — and better yet, in a local newspaper —to gain an understanding of how an inverted pyramid story should be written. Key terms and concepts The following are some of the key terms and concepts that a student should understand and be able to put into practice by the time he or she has finished this chapter.
|Poynter - A global leader in journalism.||An event does not have to have all of these things -- although sometimes that happens.|
Inverted pyramid — This is the most common news story structure. A lead paragraph contains the most important information that the writer has to tell the reader, and most of the story should in some way refer to the lead paragraph.
A story written in the inverted pyramid form is rarely narrative; instead, the writer must make decisions about what information is most important and what is of lesser importance. A news story should have unity — that is, it should be about one subject — and this unity is gained through a logical and coherent presentation of the information and an effective use of transitions.
Attribution — The concept of attribution was introduced in previous chapters, but in this chapter the student will need to understand it well enough to put it into practice. The student should know why attribution is important, when it should be used and when it is not necessaryand what forms of attribution are acceptable in writing the news story.After crashing into several floor-to-ceiling windows in the downtown Dallas building, the man exited the truck and “started ranting,” according to the station, KDFW-TV, a Fox affiliate.
The Radio Television Digital News Association has been honoring outstanding achievements in electronic journalism with the Edward R. Murrow Awards since In this, the second of the three chapters on investigative journalism, we give practical advice on how to undertake the task and make sure your work is reliable and accurate.
News Reporting and Writing is a solid text with years of experience backing it up. The authors are in the awkward position of updating a print-oriented textbook even as . TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview Radio News Reporting and Production Mass Communication.
News stories should be analyzed for both the quality of writing and depth of reporting. We will discuss the content and structure of stories regularly in class. o “Writing and Reporting News: A Coaching Method,” 3 rd edition, by Carole Rich.