Library of Congress In the s trains were leaving Washington for the West twice daily. Expansion westward seemed perfectly natural to many Americans in the mid-nineteenth century. Like the Massachusetts Puritans who hoped to build a "city upon a hill, "courageous pioneers believed that America had a divine obligation to stretch the boundaries of their noble republic to the Pacific Ocean.
The purchase of Alaska after the Civil War briefly revived the concept of Manifest Destiny, but it most evidently became a renewed force in U. Origin of the term John L. Library of Congress, Washington, D.
Yet when he expanded his idea on December 27,in a newspaper column in the New York Morning News, the wider audience seized upon his reference to divine superintendence.
Some found the opinion intriguing, but others were simply irritated. The Whig Party sought to discredit Manifest Destiny as belligerent as well as pompous, beginning with Massachusetts Rep.
Yet unabashed Democrats took up Manifest Destiny as a slogan. The phrase frequently appeared in debates relating to Oregonsometimes as soaring rhetoric and other times as sarcastic derision.
Although it became a rallying cry as well as a rationale for the foreign policy that reached its culmination in —46, the attitude behind Manifest Destiny had long been a part of the American experience. The impatient English who colonized North America in the s and s immediately gazed westward and instantly considered ways to venture into the wilderness and tame it.
The cause of that ceaseless wanderlust varied from region to region, but the behaviour became a tradition within one generation. The western horizon would always beckon, and Americans would always follow.
After the American Revolution —83the steady advance of the cotton kingdom in the South matched the lure of the Ohio Country in the North.
Expansionists eager to acquire Spanish Florida were part of the drive for the War ofand many historians argue that American desires to annex Canada were also an important part of the equation.
As the United States pacified and stabilized volatile regions, the resulting appropriation of territory usually worsened relations with neighbours, setting off a cycle of instability that encouraged additional annexations.
Caught in the upheaval coincidental to that expansion, Southeast Indians succumbed to the pressure of spreading settlement by ceding their lands to the United States and then relocating west of the Mississippi River under Pres.
The considerable hardships suffered by the Indians in that episode were exemplified by the devastation of the Cherokees on the infamous Trail of Tearswhich excited humanitarian protests from both the political class and the citizenry.
Finally, in the s, diplomacy resolved the dispute over the Oregon Country with Britain, and victory in the Mexican-American War —48 closed out a period of dramatically swift growth for the United States.
Less than a century after breaking from the British Empirethe United States had gone far in creating its own empire by extending sovereignty across the continent to the Pacific, to the 49th parallel on the Canadian border, and to the Rio Grande in the south.
Having transformed a group of sparsely settled colonies into a continental power of enormous potential, many Americans thought the achievement so stunning as to be obvious. It was for them proof that God had chosen the United States to grow and flourish.
OregonParade celebrating admission of Oregon to the union, Those dissenters saw rapid expansion as contrary to the principles of a true republic and predicted that the cost of empire would be high and its consequences perilous.
The end of Manifest Destiny Realizing its Manifest Destiny with triumph over Mexico in gave the United States an immense domain that came with spectacular abundance and potential.The Hill and Wang Critical Issues Series: concise, affordable works on pivotal topics in American history, society, and politics.
Stephanson explores the origins of Manifest Destiny--the American idea of providential and historical chosenness--and shows how and why . about calie mission statement.
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Jun 06, · In which John Green teaches you about the Mexican-American War in the late s, and the expansion of the United States into the western end of North America. In this episode of Crash Course.
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This item will be released on October 9, From the stone cities of the Maya to the might of the Aztecs, from its conquest by Spain to its rise as a modern nation, Mexico boasts a rich history and cultural heritage spanning more than.
Manifest destiny definition is - a future event accepted as inevitable; broadly: an ostensibly benevolent or necessary policy of imperialistic expansion. How to use manifest destiny in a sentence. a future event accepted as inevitable; broadly: an ostensibly benevolent or necessary policy of imperialistic expansion.