Theological arguments[ edit ] Some early eastern Christians argued for mortalism on the basis of the identity of blood with life in Leviticus Traditional Judaism reads the Torah accordingly.
Covenant theology Reformed theologians use the concept of covenant to describe the way God enters fellowship with people in history. The terms of the covenant are that God provides a blessed life in the garden on condition that Adam and Eve obey God's law perfectly.
Because Adam and Eve broke the covenant by eating the forbidden fruitthey became subject to death and were banished from the garden. This sin was passed down to all mankind because all people are said to be in Adam as a covenantal or "federal" head.
Federal theologians usually infer that Adam and Eve would have gained immortality had they obeyed perfectly. In it, God graciously offers salvation from death on condition of faith in God. This covenant is administered in different ways throughout the Old and New Testaments, but retains the substance of being free of a requirement of perfect obedience.
Barth saw the covenant of works as disconnected from Christ and the gospel, and rejected the idea that God works with people in this way.
Instead, Barth argued that God always interacts with people under the covenant of grace, and that the covenant of grace is free of all conditions whatsoever.
Barth's theology and that which follows him has been called "monocovenantal" as opposed to the "bi-covenantal" scheme of classical federal theology. Michael Hortonhowever, has defended the covenant of works as combining principles of law and love.
God in Christianity and Trinity For the most part, the Reformed tradition did not modify the medieval consensus on the doctrine of God. God is affirmed to be one God in three persons: FatherSonand Holy Spirit. Drawing on the Eastern tradition, these Reformed theologians have proposed a " social trinitarianism " where the persons of the Trinity only exist in their life together as persons-in-relationship.
According to Russell, thinking this way encourages Christians to interact in terms of fellowship rather than reciprocity.
ChristHypostatic unionExtra calvinisticumSubstitutionary atonementand Threefold office Reformed theologians affirm the historic Christian belief that Christ is eternally one person with a divine and a human nature. Reformed Christians have especially emphasized that Christ truly became human so that people could be saved.
In accord with the belief that finite humans cannot comprehend infinite divinity, Reformed theologians hold that Christ's human body cannot be in multiple locations at the same time. Because Lutherans believe that Christ is bodily present in the Eucharistthey hold that Christ is bodily present in many locations simultaneously.
For Reformed Christians, such a belief denies that Christ actually became human. Instead, theologians tend to emphasize Jesus' context and particularity as a first-century Jew.
Faith is personified as a woman to the right of a naked man on the ground asking Christ the way of salvation. John Calvin and many Reformed theologians who followed him describe Christ's work of redemption in terms of three offices: Christ is said to be a prophet in that he teaches perfect doctrine, a priest in that he intercedes to the Father on believers' behalf and offered himself as a sacrifice for sin, and a king in that he rules the church and fights on believers' behalf.
The threefold office links the work of Christ to God's work in ancient Israel.Fundamentals Of The Faith - Kindle edition by Peter Kreeft. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Fundamentals Of The Faith.
Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE)..
Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation.
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