See also, Ernest Hemingway Criticism. His novel A Farewell to Arms, a tragic love story about an American ambulance lieutenant and an English nurse, was based on Hemingway's own experiences on the Italian front.
Plot summary[ edit ] The novel is divided into five sections.
In the first, Frederic Henry, an American paramedic serving in the Italian Armyis introduced to Catherine Barkley, an English nurse, by his good friend and roommate, Rinaldi, a surgeon.
Frederic is wounded in the knee by a mortar on the Italian Front and sent to a hospital in Milanwhere Catherine is also sent.
Frederic and Catherine gradually fall in love. After his knee heals, Frederic is diagnosed with jaundice but is soon kicked out of the hospital and sent back to the front after it is discovered he concealed alcohol.
By the time he is sent back, Catherine is three months pregnant. In the third section, Frederic returns to his unit, and discovers morale has severely dropped. Not long afterwards, the Austro-Hungarians break through the Italian lines in the Battle of Caporettoand the Italians retreat.
Due to a slow and chaotic retreat, Frederic and his men go off trail and quickly get lost, and a frustrated Frederic kills a sergeant for insubordination.
After catching up to the main retreat, Frederic is taken to a place by the "battle police," where officers are being interrogated and executed for the "treachery" that supposedly led to the Italian defeat.
However, after seeing and hearing that everyone interrogated has been killed, Frederic escapes by jumping into a river. He heads to Milan to find Catherine only to discover that she has been sent to Stresa. In the fourth section, Catherine and Frederic reunite and spend some time in Stresa before Frederic learns he will soon be arrested.
He and Catherine then flee to neutral Switzerland in a rowboat given to him by a barkeep.
After interrogation by Swiss authorities, they are allowed to stay in Switzerland. In the final section, Frederic and Catherine live a quiet life in the mountains until she goes into labor.
After a long and painful birth, their son is stillborn. Catherine begins to hemorrhage and soon dies, leaving Frederic to return to their hotel in the rain.
The inspiration for Catherine Barkley was Agnes von Kurowskya nurse who cared for Hemingway in a hospital in Milan after he had been wounded. He had planned to marry her but she spurned his love when he returned to America.
The unnamed priest was based on Don Giuseppe Bianchi, the priest of the 69th and 70th regiments of the Brigata Ancona. Although the sources for Rinaldi are unknown, the character had already appeared in In Our Time.
Much of the plot was written in correspondence with Frederic J. The book was published in September with a first edition print-run of approximately 31, copies. The newly published edition presents an appendix with the many alternate endings Hemingway wrote for the novel in addition to pieces from early draft manuscripts.
The poem Portrait of a Lady by T.
Eliot also starts off by quoting this Marlowe work: One of these copies was presented to Maurice Coindreau ; the other, to James Joyce. Also, the novel could not be published in Italy until because the Fascist regime considered it detrimental to the honor of the Armed Forcesboth in its description of the Battle of Caporettoand for a certain anti-militarism implied in the work.
More than one biographer suggests that at the base of the censorship of the Fascist regime in the novel there had also been a personal antipathy between the writer and Benito Mussolini.
Hemingway had interviewed him inshortly after he seized power, and in his article in the Toronto Star he poured scorn on Mussolini, calling him "the biggest bluff in Europe. Hemingway described Mussolini as trying to impress the media by pretending to be deeply absorbed in reading, while in reality holding a French-English dictionary—held upside down.A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway Mr.
Hickerson's English 10 Honors This includes characters and settings of each of the books. A young American ambulance driver in the Italian army during World War I, Henry meets his military duties with quiet stoicism.
Through Henry's conversations with him regarding the war, the novel challenges. His second novel, A Farewell to Arms, is written as a retrospective of the war experience of Frederic Henry, a wounded American soldier, and his doomed love affair with an English nurse, Catherine Barkley. In the summer of , American Publishing giants Scribner released a revised version of Ernest Hemingway’s classic novel, A Farewell to tranceformingnlp.com new edition includes not only the original artwork, but also 47 alternative endings that give new insight to this First World War masterpiece.
Though Ernest Hemingway set his novel A Farewell to Arms around World War I, it is not a book that glorifies war. This novel shows how war can inflict both physical and emotional wounds, and even. In A Farewell to Arms, Ernest Hemingway portrays the character of Frederic Henry as a hedonist, a young man who has always been indulged but is trapped by the circumstances of war.
He lives each day completing his work and pursuing his pleasures, likely aware that he could be killed at any moment. In , Ernest Hemingway’s classic A Farewell to Arms was published to critical acclaim. The book quickly became a best-seller and it remains a popular portrait of World War I.
However, Hemingway’s classic novel is so much more than a war story.