See Important Quotations Explained Summary Friendship is clearly necessary and splendid, but people disagree on its precise nature. Friendship consists of a mutual feeling of goodwill between two people. There are three kinds of friendship. The first is friendship based on utility, where both people derive some benefit from each other.
Since justice, friendship, and community are closely related, it is far worse to abuse a close friend or family member than it is to abuse a stranger. There are three kinds of political constitution: Tyranny is the corruption of monarchy, where the tyrant looks out for his own interest rather than that of his subjects.
Oligarchy is a perversion of aristocracy, and democracy is a perversion of timocracy, but neither is as bad as tyranny. Monarchy is analogous to the father-son relationship, aristocracy to the husband-wife relationship, and timocracy to the relationship between brothers.
Corrupt political institutions are like those relationships where no friendship exists, as in the master-slave relationship.
Problems between friends occur most frequently within friendships based on utility. On the whole, the person who receives a service, and not the giver, should determine the value of that service.
In unequal friendship, it is important that each person receive an appropriate benefit. Analysis In discussing friendship, Aristotle seems intent on discussing every kind of interpersonal relationship and deals at some length with family relationships and political institutions.
Nonetheless, his model of ideal friendship is that which exists between two aristocratic men of great virtue. These men are not bonded together through need, utility, or familial duty, but rather through mutual respect and virtue.
Aristotle explains that friendship is the act of loving rather than the act of being loved. It is important that friendship be active, since Aristotle treats friendship as an energeia, akin to pleasure and happiness.
Friendship is one of the essential components of the good life, and the value of friendship is in having and enjoying it. While we in the modern world certainly place a high premium on friendship, it carries far more importance for Aristotle.
Friendship no longer carries significant philosophical importance to us because we live in a world where individualism predominates. While most of us are not singlemindedly selfish, we generally assume that we each choose our own path in life, which is defined by a personal set of goals and values.
Friends are a help and a comfort along the way, but we cannot expect them to share all our goals and values.In speaking of this sort of friendship, Aristotle seems to have in mind primarily a sort of business or commercial relationship.
It is the lowest of the three types of friendship and is the least enduring. Nicomachean Ethics By Aristotle. Commentary: Quite a few comments have been posted about Nicomachean Ethics. Download: A text-only version is available for download.
Friendship seems too to hold states together, and lawgivers to care more for it than for justice;. Aristotle on Friendship Essay Words | 3 Pages Aristotle On Friendship Philosophical Ethics December 6, Friendship is undoubtedly one of the most important elements in the books of Aristotle's ethical principles.
Aristotle adds that friendship is indispensable for human life and happiness. -Annis. So friendship is a necessary part of human flourishing.
Given that we are social creatures, building relationships with others is a natural function, and friendships occur when we build these relationships well. Aristotle seems to believe, in fact, that. Aristotle figured there were three kinds of friendships.
1) Friendships of utility: exist between you and someone who is useful to you in some tranceformingnlp.com instance, perhaps you're friendly with your. In book VIII of Aristotle's The Nicomachean Ethics (; a6 - a30), the notion of 'The Three Kinds of Friendship' (Philia) is expressed.
Holding that there are three basic kinds or species of friendship that bind us together expressing that in respect to each there exists a mutual and recognised love.